HOW DOSE A BIO GAS PLANT WORK ?
ELECTRICAL PROJECT BIO GAS
DEFINITION OF BIOGAS PLANT
How does a bio gas plant work?
- Organic input materials such as foodstuff remnants, fats or sludge can be fed into the biogas plant as substrate.
- Renewable resources such as corn, beets or grass serve as feed both for animals such as cows and pigs as well as for the micro organisms in the biogas plant.
- Manure and dung are also fed into the biogas plant.
- In the fermenter, heated to approx. 38-40 °C, the substrate is decomposed by the micro organisms under exclusion of light and oxygen. The final product of this fermentation process is biogas with methane as the main ingredient. But aggressive hydrogen sulphide is also contained in the biogas. A fermenter made of stainless steel has the clear advantage that it withstands the attacks of the hydrogen sulphide and is usable for decades. Furthermore, a stainless steel fermenter provides the opportunity to operation the biogas plant also in the thermophile temperature range (up to 56 °C).
- Once the substrate has been fermented, it is transported to the fermentation residues end storage tank and can be retrieved from there for further utilisation.
- The residues can be utilised as high quality fertiliser. The advantage: Biogas manure has a lower viscosity and therefore penetrates into the ground more quickly. Furthermore, the fermentation residue quite often has a higher fertiliser value and is less intense to the olfactory senses.
- But drying it and subsequently using it as dry fertiliser is also an option.
- The biogas generated is stored in the roof of the tank and from there it
- is burned in the combined heat and power plant (CHP) to generate electricity and heat.
- The electric power is fed directly into the power grid.
- The heat generated can be utilised to heat building or to dry wood or harvest products.
- Processing of biogas
- Gas supply to the national grid or gas filling stations
BIO GAS IS ECO- FRIENDLY
Biogas is a renewable, as well as a clean, source of energy. … Biogas plants significantly curb the greenhouse effect: the plants lower methane emissions by capturing this harmful gas and using it as fuel. Biogas generation helps cut reliance on the use of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal.
WHY USING BIOGAS IS IMPORTENT
The systems that are used to create bio energy can greatly contribute to reducing green house gases
as they have the possibility of reducing the need to use fossil fuels . By providing a non polluting energy source which is also renewable the earth is being kept clean of harmful emissions .
HOW IS BIO GAS PRODUCED ?
Bio gas is produced using organic material which is broken down with the help of bacteria in an anaerobic ( oxygen – free ) environment . the anaerobic digestion process that often occurs in nature …however , wast water , manure , energy , crops and organic industrial waste are the most common feedstocks .